Loader Backhoe Operation
- Verify that all attachments are securely mounted and that all external functions, such as the loading bucket or excavator arm, are operating properly.
- Make sure the seat inside the cab is in an upright position and the seat belt is working. The seat should be centered so all of the controls are easily accessible.
- Check the control pattern of your machine to assure it is set for the function you plan on using?excavator or backhoe.
Preparing the site
- Check your work area for ground depressions, which can be a sign of potential problems like buried storage tanks.
- Always call to have buried utilities marked before you begin digging.
Creating a safe digging platform
- When preparing for backhoe work, first make sure your machine is fully secure. Check that your stabilizers are out, and, if possible, spread them to their full width. If ground conditions cause the stabilizers to sink, use blocks or cribbing to ensure the stabilizers have good footing.
- Dig the bucket's cutting edge into the ground. While the added stability of the bucket is important, there are some jobs that require the bucket to be raised.
- If ground conditions cause the stabilizers to sink, use blocks or cribbing to ensure the stabilizers have good footing. If you need to raise the bucket, make sure it is as low to the ground as possible.
Lifting heavy loads
- Before you lift anything, refer to the machine's specification sheet to verify your machine is capable of handling the weight. Make sure your loader backhoe is level and the tires are at least 6" above the ground.
- Lower the RPM of your machine when lifting to allow the vehicle to move steadily, so your load doesn't swing wildly and keep the boom as close to the machine as possible, so the weight is consolidated near the machine. Use the shortest chain available, so you don't need to lift the dipper high to get the load off the ground. Never use any kind of homemade rigging.
- Do not cross hills or slopes with a loaded bucket. Try not to lift the bucket over a foot off the ground while transporting materials to avoid an unstable machine and lost visibility.
- While operating the machine on an incline, the bucket should be pointed up the hill to keep the machine balanced. If you go down a slope, the machine should be in reverse.
- While repositioning on a rise, keep the machine level at all times. Make sure you never swing the bucket downhill, which can cause the center of gravity to change and the machine to roll. If you need to swing a bucket downhill for any reason, move slowly and keep the bucket as low to the ground as possible.